Keeping your water heater maintained properly will help it last much longer for you, as well as to work properly. Fortunately, there are many things you can do on your own to keep it maintained. Below are two of these things to help you get started:
Check the Temperature
If you have never checked the temperature on your water heater, it is likely set to 140 degrees. According to the Department of Energy, however, you should set this at 120 degrees to help make the water heater more efficient and allow you to save money.
How you operate the thermostat on your water heater depends on the brand of water heater you have. Check the owner's manual if you are not sure how to do this.
If you have a gas water heater, the thermostat dial is likely at the bottom of the water heater tank. If you have an electric water heater, the dial will be behind the water heater affixed to a panel. Turn off the water heater before you do anything. You can do this by turning off the circuit breaker that powers the water heater.
Do not use any water for one hour so you can get a correct temperature reading. Go to a tap that is closest to the water heater and run the water heater. Let the water run for approximately a minute to ensure it is heated up all the way. Fill a cup with the water from the faucet and use a cooking thermometer to check the temperature. If it reads 140, then you should consult the water heater's owner's manual to set the temperature to 120 degrees.
Drain the Water Heater
Part of the maintenance of your water heater should be draining it. To do this, you use the drain valve that is located on the water heater. You will need a garden hose to do this. Make sure you run the water away from your landscaping as the hot water can kill flowers and grass.
You can do this on your own, as it is not difficult to look at the water as it is draining and if you see a lot of sediment in it then this is a sign that it is built up inside the water heater. This would be a good time to replace the water heater as this sediment is getting into your water.
How often you need to flush your water heater depends on the model you have. Look at the owner's manual of your water heater. It may say this should be done once a year or once every two to three years.
Contact a plumber in your area to maintain your water heater if you do not feel comfortable doing it on your own. Check out a website like https://dhamerplumbing.com/ for more information and assistance.